泛亚生活记者  凡牧羽

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日均两起火灾
在柬埔寨,你要是没见过几次火灾现场,那就只能说明你是太“宅”了!

近日,柬埔寨发布最新火情统计:2020年上半年,全国发生近500起火灾事故,平均一天将近3起,共造成11人死亡。

往前追溯,近三年来,柬埔寨火灾事故次数一直在上升。

触目惊心的现场

回顾近期的几场火灾,当事人的悲伤、悔恨、痛苦溢出纸面。

2020年7月18日,因电气焊操作不当,金边一家煤气店发生大型爆炸事故,4人死亡、5人受伤;

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2020年7月15日,金边一中国家具店发生火灾,2名中国人受伤,店内物品几乎燃尽;

2020年3月6日,金边市隆边区多处民宅被烧毁,1人死亡,3名消防员受伤;

2020年1月6日,金边市雷西郊区突发火灾,近200间出租屋被烧毁;

……

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“很多火灾是很容易避免的,但人们过于麻痹大意。”柬埔寨应急救援协会(中心)王江说。

与中国相比,柬埔寨消防基础设施缺乏,消防法律法规不够完善,群众的消防意识也不高,“所以参照国内的标准,这里的消防隐患无处不在。”

密密麻麻的老化线路

走在柬埔寨街头,头顶随处可见大团的蜘蛛网电线,密密麻麻错杂交织,还有的耷拉下垂,有的老化、绝缘层脱落。

同胞们能做的就是远离、远离、远离!

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貌似人畜无害的小地雷

泛亚生活记者走访发现,金边液化气充气站习惯将罐子露天存放,让如此危险的东西接受中南半岛毒辣的阳光……

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因为电费贵,很多华人也会选择用液化气做饭。液化气购买也方便,很多商店都有卖,特别是那种小瓶装的,第一眼看小巧玲珑,人畜无害,而且价格便宜,每瓶只要1500瑞尔。
但这种罐都是循环使用,很多瓶身斑驳老旧,甚至瓶嘴处变形。

存在的隐形威胁不堪设想。1月5日下午,就发生后两名中国男子用这种液化气罐做饭引发大火,烧毁了一栋民房。

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铁皮屋住人最吓人

柬埔寨是一个佛教国家,不少民众在重要日子里会烧香拜佛,但这也埋下了不少火灾隐患。此前,民众因为香灰处理不当连烧大片房屋的情况并不少见,在虔诚礼佛的同时,民众防火意识有待加强。

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柬埔寨老旧房屋多,加上气候常年高温干燥,很容易引发火灾,民众对易燃物品储放安没有统一规范,加之柬埔寨常年天气炎热干燥,容易自燃而引起火灾频发。

简易的铁皮屋和临时板房遍布,而在国内这些都被严格禁止住人,因为一且火势严重难以扑灭,容易造成巨大损失。

消防设备在哪?

在柬埔寨,公共场所灭火系统并不完善,甚至形同虚设,应急照明、疏散指示标志和安全出口也不多见。

按国内规定,四层以上的建筑都需要设置消防栓,但在金边的办公楼,几乎都找不到。

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消防通道被垃圾堵

很多地方本身道路规划就存在问题,嘟嘟车都很难在其中穿梭,再加上临时建筑、垃圾堆占用消防通道,而一旦火灾发生,消防车进不去,只能隔着几栋楼灭火了,效率大打折扣。

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